In the United States in 2013, parents owed a combined $32.9 billion in child support according to the U.S Census Bureau. A total of $22.5 billion was collected, and those payments are not taxable to the recipients. Parents in Florida and around the country who make child support payments are not entitled to take a tax deduction.
Another issue to consider is who gets to claim the child as a dependent for federal income tax purposes. In most cases, the custodial parent will claim the child even if the other parent took care of a majority of the child's expenses. However, it is possible for the parents to come to an agreement that allows each parent to claim the child on an annual alternating basis.
In a year when the non-custodial parent claims the deduction, the non-custodial parent must attach to his or her return IRS Form 8332, which must be signed by both parents. In the event that two parents share custody of their child, it is not permissible to split the deduction. Those who follow the issue say that arrangements to claim a child as a dependent can be made during a divorce proceeding to avoid any potential confusion or conflict.
After a divorce, one parent may be required to pay child support to the other. In the event that it becomes a hardship to do so, an individual may want to have the assistance of an attorney in seeking a request for a child support order modification. This will usually require a demonstration to the court that an unexpected event, such as a job loss, resulted in an adverse financial change.